Physical or chemical injuries of the eye can be a serious threat to vision if not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion. The most obvious presentation of eye injuries is redness and pain of the affected eyes. However, tiny metallic projectiles may cause neither symptom. Intraocular foreign bodies do not cause pain because of the lack of nerve endings in the vitreous humour and retina that can transmit pain sensations. As such, general or emergency room doctors should refer cases involving the posterior segment of the eye or intraocular foreign bodies to an ophthalmologist.
Flying pieces of wood, metal, glass, stone and other material are notorious for causing much of the eye trauma. Sporting balls such as a cricket ball, lawn tennis ball, squash ball, and other high speed flying objects can strike the eye. Road traffic accidents with head and facial trauma may also result in eye injuries ranging from lacerations or debris embedded in tissues, to orbital fractures, hematoma, and other severe injuries. Other causes of intraocular trauma may arise from workplace tools or even common household implements.
If you’ve been referred to an ophthalmologist due to a recent eye injury, schedule an appointment right away–or seek emergency treatment if symptoms worsen. Ideally, ointment would not be used when referring to an ophthalmologist, since it diminishes the ability to carry out a thorough eye examination.